Essay on The Concept of Administration and Organization

627 Words Mar 16th, 2013 3 Pages
THE CONCEPT OF ADMINISTRATION AND ORGANIZATION

A: WHAT IS ADMINISTRATION

First definition: “Administration can be defined as the activities of groups cooperating to accomplish common goals”.

There are particular key elements of administration.

Cooperative: the word cooperative is the first key element in this definition. Human activity is cooperative if it has the effects that would be absent if the cooperation did not take place.

* Group Activity: Administration includes activities of more than one individual. * The term ‘cooperative’ is defined in terms of the results of the human activity.

When two men together roll a stone which neither of them could roll alone they are cooperating.

* Thus the essence of
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Means: The means are the ways by which something is done or obtained

* A division of labor is necessary among the members of the group to accomplish a common goal. * There is also a need for an authority structure to control and coordinate the activities of the individuals involved.

** Division of labor and authority structure are means (among others) for carrying out prescribed ends.

* Cooperation and any other method is also a means used in the administration. * Any new definition of administration may introduce some other elements or concepts but in essence they would be concerned with cooperative activity in the accomplishment of desired goals.
Third definition: According to Waldo, for example, “Administration is a type of cooperative human effort that has a huge degree of rationality”.

* Any new definition of administration may introduce some other elements or concepts but in essence they would be concerned with cooperative activity in the accomplishment of desired goals.

Third definition: According to Waldo, for example, “Administration is a type of cooperative human effort that has a huge degree of rationality”.

* Here, ‘rational action’ is introduced as a new element of administration but still cooperation is accepted as a necessary element of administration.

* In Waldo’s definition, rational action is defined as actions correctly calculated to realize the given desired goals with minimum loss to the

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