The Comparison Of Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, And Jean Jacques Rousseau And The Social Contract Theory

1704 Words Nov 16th, 2016 7 Pages
In the comparison of Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, and Jean Jacques Rousseau and their respective ideas of The Social Contract I would like to begin by breaking down what the Social Contract is and all its encompassing ideas. The concept of social contract theory is that before civilization man lived in the state of nature in its purest form. There was no central body of governance and no law to regulate society. This meant there were hardships and oppression on certain sections of the society because they had nobody fighting for them. To overcome from these hardships people entered into agreements known as “social contracts”. In some pacts people sought protection of their lives and property, and as a result of this a society was formed where people valued mutual respect and lived in increased peace and harmony. Another kind of pact united together under an Authority and forfeited the parts of their freedom and rights to an authority. In turn the authority figure would guarantee everyone protection of life, property and to a certain extent liberty. So all of this is to say that to ensure societal escape from the State of Nature, people must both agree to live together under common laws, and create implementation for the social contract and the laws that establish it. All forms of social contract theory ultimately come down to one idea, that being that the individual desire for security and safety, demands fulfillment through a collective agreement. This collective agreement…

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