The Communist Manifesto, Marx And Friedrich Engels Essay

786 Words Oct 26th, 2015 4 Pages
In The Communist Manifesto, Marx and Friedrich Engels use historical examples dating back to the middle ages to illustrate the idea that the politics of society are controlled by those in power, those with the means of production. It is made clear in the prose that the economists believe this theory to be historically and socially universal as the first chapter of the Manifesto begins, “The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggle”(Marx 246). Whereas Aristotle looked upon mankind and saw the distinction amongst mammals that made man a political animal, Marx and Engels saw only one meaningful divergence, that in society a person was other an oppressor, or one of the oppressed (Aristotle 60)(Marx 246). Perhaps Aristotle would have remarked that the bourgeoisie were a different ruling class than that of Feudal times, and would it not stand to reason that nullified Marx’s theory? If the ruling class governs politics and the ideas of their time, as Marx says, how could they possibly be removed from power? Marx views this division between the oppressor and the oppressed as a kind of ongoing battle, which ends each time in either the destruction of a class, or a restructuring of society and its ranks that could only be defined as revolutionary (Marx 246). While the bourgeoisie were not the ruling elite during feudal times, they arose from the revolutionary change that occurred when the Feudal system was no longer compatible with what was at the…

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