The Communist Manifesto And The Chinese Party Essay example

1170 Words Sep 27th, 2016 5 Pages
Throughout history, many revolutions occur due to the exploitations and lack of freedom that fettered particular groups of people such as the lower-middle and middle classes. As Karl Marx states, “the history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles” (The Communist Manifesto, pg. 29). When comparing Mao’s The Chinese Revolution and the Chinese Party, published in 1939 China to Marx’s Communist Manifesto, published in 1848 United Kingdom, it is clear that Marx’s theories have some influence on Mao. Both Marx and Mao’s works are similar because they both presents the struggles lower classes experienced and implore these lower classes to revolt against the oppressors. Although both are similar in in that essence, they are different because Mao’s writing highlights a variance in reasons for the lower class to stand up against the oppressors due to different members that formulate each classes and results from the Chinese Communist Revolution. The differences, due to Mao’s less comprehensive understanding of Marx’s theory, is relevant because it shows that the Chinese revolution is more complex than the communist manifesto in Marx’s case.
Marx and Mao’s writing are similar in how both societies are set up; both shows the existence of a clear hierarchy structure. In The Communist Manifesto, Marx explicitly defines the two distinct classes—the bourgeoisie and proletariat. Marx defines the bourgeoisie as “the class of modern capitalist, owners of the means…

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