The Common Eating Disorders Within Adolescents Essay

1070 Words Nov 5th, 2015 5 Pages
In Canada, eating disorders are on the rise, with the data suggesting the rate to be high as 18% in adolescent girls. Comparatively, the rate of obesity among the same demographic is 9%. The term eating disorder is an umbrella term that refers to a range of psychological disorders dealing with abnormal eating habits. Anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa are the three main types that are usually encountered and with teenagers, these eating disorders can overlap. That is to say, teens may have alternate between periods of bulimia and anorexia. Predictably, most of the victims of eating disorders are girls, but as many as 15-20% of boys also suffer from bulimia and anorexia, as well. Research has proven eating disorders to have the highest mortality rate of any mental illness and reportedly, only 30-40% of victims fully recover (Preskow et al., 2015). This paper will explore the main causes of the two most common eating disorders within adolescents.
The causes of any eating disorder are varied and numerous and it is important to understand that the exact causes remain unknown (Goldberg, 2015). Nevertheless, research suggests that eating disorders are to some extent, biologically based. A recent University of Iowa study finds that genetic mutations in two different genes resulted in an 85-90% chance of the person developing an eating disorder (Lutter et al., 2013). Michael Lutter, the senior author of the study, also adds that the remaining fraction may have been just too young…

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