The Columbian Exchange : An Encounter Between The Native Americans And The Europeans

1069 Words Aug 7th, 2015 5 Pages
The Columbian Exchange was an encounter between the Native Americans and the Europeans that drastically changed both cultures. Both peoples exchanged items such as cattle, plants, and even some cultural aspects. The effects of the Columbian Exchange reverberated through North America as foreign European ideas became more and more familiar. Crops played a large part in the Exchange. The Native Americans supplied the Europeans with tobacco, maize, beans, tomatoes, and potatoes. These newly discovered foods had a stunning impact on the Old World, and their presence permanently changed the European diet. Not only did these crops change the European diet, they impacted the entire world. About three fifths of crops in the world today began in the Americas. The New World also supplied pineapples, beans, and vanilla to the Old World. In return the Old World sent wheat, sugar, rice, and coffee. The Europeans also brought Kentucky blue grass, dandelions, and daisies to the New World. Evidence of how these crops changed the Americas is evident even today; sugar, rice, and coffee are staples of our modern diets. Both Europe and the Americas benefited from the diverse and previously undiscovered foods and crops each society traded with the other. Animals were another important aspect of the Columbian Exchange. The Europeans saw animals previously unknown to them in the New World, such as iguanas and rattlesnakes. The Americans were introduced to cattle, swine, and horses from…

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