Essay on The Colonization Of Africa By European Countries

1124 Words Jan 11th, 2016 5 Pages
Imperialism is when one country gains controls over various lands. Many European countries took part in the ‘Scramble for Africa’, which was the Europeans colonization in Africa for economic, social and political reasons. Countries got land in hopes to industrialize and better their economy, also conquering areas to send missionaries in order to spread religion. Countries even obtained land for political gloating, as nations competed for colonies. Colonies are areas ruled by a foreign power and by 1914 almost all of Africa was colonized by Europeans, with Britain and France being the biggest colonizers. Prior, Africa had been known as the ‘dark continent’ since Europeans knew little of its culture or background. Europeans sought control over Africa because of its natural resources, such as ivory and rubber, as well as for its crops. The colonization in Africa by European countries have had a significant negative impact on the continent and its indigenous people, as the native Africans were treated poorly in the Belgian Congo, resources were exploited for the benefit of the Europeans and African culture was lost and replaced with European interest.
In 1884, Europeans met in Berlin, Germany to set rules for dividing Africa into colonies, this consultation is known as the Berlin Conference. Belgium was one of the smallest European colonizers, who colonized the large country of Congo. The Europeans believed that the Africans were inferior and felt the need to civilize their…

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