The Civil War Essay

889 Words Dec 2nd, 2016 4 Pages
When the Civil War was finally over in the spring of 1865, political leaders wrestled with how to help former slaves make the transition from bondage to citizenship. It means the reconstruction should enable freed slaves to control their labor, reunite with their family members, gain education for their children, enjoy full participation in political life, and create their own community organizations and social life. The Radical Republicans followed southern society model by granting freed slaves full citizenship rights. They hoped to replace the white by small farmers together with wage-earning and new generation of middle-class Republicans with both black and white (Shi & Tindall, 2016, p.583). The Freedmen’s Bureau founded in 1865 in the purpose of helping freedmen, their wives and their children with their point of view is all freed slaves should be free to choose their own employers, and be paid for their labor. They assisted the freedman to negotiate labor contracts with the landowners, provided medical care, food and clothing as well as helped set up school.
However, the purpose of the Reconstruction could not be achieved since a death of President Lincoln. Andrew Johnson, who win reelection in 1864, prevented many Radicals who wanted the Reconstruction to provide social and political equality for blacks. He was a stubborn, racist politician who lacked the ability to compromise. He did not approve a bill that renewed funding for the Freedmen’s Bureau and did not…

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