Essay on The Civil War Of The North And The South

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The early United States was plagued with intense sectionalism between the North and the South. Beginning before the Revolutionary War, differing climates and resources available in the different factions caused nearly opposite economic and social structures to evolve. Long after the young country made peace with Britain, the North had become a powerhouse of industry, while the South was an impressive producer of raw materials and cash crops. Beyond anything else, slavery was the most significant cause of separation between the North and the South. The North fervently opposed slavery while the South ardently supported it. While it may seem that slavery was always an issue of morality for the North leading up to the Civil War, this was not the case. The Missouri Compromise and the Compromise of 1850 show that the majority of antebellum opponents of slavery in legislature did not want to stop the spread of the institution for moral reasons, but rather political gain. As the fledgling country began its westward expansion, a dilemma quickly arose regarding new states in the Louisiana Territory. Before 1819, the Union had an equal number of both slave and free states. However, Missouri’s application for statehood upset this balance. As a slaveholder’s territory, the entrance of Missouri received immense opposition from the North. Northern Senators did not want to be overpowered by the South in the Senate. The Missouri Compromise, written by Henry Clay in 1820, was the solution to…

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