The Civil War And During The Reconstruction Period Of 1866-1877

1542 Words Oct 18th, 2016 7 Pages
The United States went through many changes after the Civil War and during the Reconstruction period of 1866-1877. Before Abraham Lincoln was assassinated on December, 1863, by John Wilkes, Lincoln announced the first Reconstruction plan a year before the Civil War had ended and Lincoln offered general amnesty to white southerners to whom pledged an oath of loyalty to the government and accepted the abolition of slavery. During the summer of 1865, Johnson not long after he took office had revealed his plan for reconstruction or as he preferred to call it “Restoration,” which reflected both his staunch Unionism and his firm belief in states’ rights, and offered some form of amnesty to Southerners who would take the oath of allegiance. In 1865, and 1866, under administration of President Andrew Johnson new southern state legislatures passed restrictive “black codes” to control the labor and behavior of former slaves and other African Americans. The North was outraged over these codes and eroded support which led to the triumph of the more radical wing of the Republican Party and was also known as the Presidential Reconstruction. For the first time in American history in 1866, during Radical Reconstruction blacks finally gained a voice in government and they won elections to southern state legislatures and even to the U.S. Congress. In less than a decade, however, reactionary forces including the Ku Klux Klan would reverse the changes wrought by Radical Reconstruction in a…

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