The Civil Rights Act Of 1935 Essay

1092 Words Nov 30th, 2016 5 Pages
Women in the work force have been fighting for equal pay for over 100 years. In 1869, a bill proposed equal pay for women in the federal work force. It was passed through the House of Representatives by nearly 100 votes, but was watered down in the Senate to only include new employees. However, the bill wasn 't enforced and women working federal jobs were still paid less than men. New York state passed the Grady bill in 1891 stating that all teachers must receive equal pay. During World War 1 and 2 the War Labor Board ruled that women working jobs usually performed by men must be paid equally to what men were paid. Both wars ended before the rule could be strictly enforced. The National Recovery Act of 1935 required women in the federal workforce to receive 25% less pay than their male counterparts.
In 1944, Rep. Winifred Stanley proposed the first bill that would amend the National Labor Relations Act and put an end gender wage discrimination. The bill expired after it was referred to the Committee on Labor. Secretary of Labor, Lewis Schwellenbach, tried to have an equal pay amendment passed that would provide equal pay outside of government jobs in 1947. He was unsuccessful in his efforts. The 1950s saw more efforts to provide equal pay for women in the workforce. Rep. Katharine St. George coined the phrase equal pay for equal work negotiated a bill that would permit the passage of the Equal Rights Amendment. The bill failed, but she continued to fight. She proposed a…

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