The City Of Manchester London Essay

1163 Words Nov 29th, 2014 5 Pages
The city of Manchester grew to become a city of industry over the course of the 19th century. Several aspects of the Industrial Revolution affected the growth of Manchester, such as machines that streamlined the textile manufacturing process, and steam-powered engines and locomotives. At the dawn of the 19th century, Manchester’s growth served the rich at the cost of the poor, but by the third quarter of the century, reforms benefitted the proletariat as well. Manchester’s growth created a variety of investment opportunities, and many landowners and factory proprietors prospered from industry. However, in order for the rich to prosper, the working class had to work long shifts in hazardous conditions, only to be paid meagre wages. Fortunately, by the second half of the century, reforms in political structure and improved infrastructure had improved the living conditions for the poor as well.
As a major industrial center, the growth of Manchester in the 19th century brought many advantages for the rich who invested in Manchester. Manchester’s primary industry was the textile industry. In 1816, it lead the world with 86 steam-powered cotton mills and 1,819 warehouses. Manchester’s industrial prowess impressed French visitor Alexis de Tocqueville so much that, according to Document 4, he wrote that from Manchester, “the greatest stream of human industry flows out to fertilize the whole world.” (By taking an observational tour of England, de Tocqueville informed the French…

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