The Choice Theory And Theories Of Juvenile Delinquency

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Register to read the introduction… There are several learning processes through which we acquire good and bad behavior. Classical conditioning, for instance, refers to the learning process through stimuli association. For instance, a group of juveniles may experience great pleasure when one of the juveniles shop lift an item from a store. This pleasurable experience if repeated with similar consequences can become a conditioned stimulus. Accordingly, the juvenile may develop an affinity to shop lifting as a result of the association. Similarly, we learn through modeling and copying the behavior of our parents, siblings, and peers, and role models (Taylor, Fritsch, & Caeti, 2011). If aggression is a characteristic of one of those groups, then we will learn to be aggressive. The work of B.F.Skinner on operand conditioning explains the learning process through enforcers and punishers. A Juvenile delinquent that is rewarded by money or peer acceptance as a result of a behavior has experienced an enforcer that will motivate him to pursue the act or behavior again. In contract, punishers such as disapproval of peers or parents, prison, community service, act as deterrent to the behavior and …show more content…
In the choice theories, the individual is the core of the problem. Those who see believe in the principles of the choice theory will probably believe in accountability and personal responsibility. As we choose to act one way or another, then we must also be accountable to our actions, good or bad. Criminal justice administrators and policy makers are more likely to propose stronger punishment than consider treatment and rehabilitation. In contrast, those who believe in the strength of the learning theories in explaining juvenile delinquency are likely to look outside the individual and more into the family, social groups, peers, and society at large. Learning theorists may want celebrities to play a good role model, may oppose violence in video games or television, or may want to focus on the role of families and parenthood is providing an environment that is conducive to good behavior. Policymakers that believe in the strength of the learning theories may still find the need to impose punishment (punishers) however, they may also aspire to rehabilitate the juvenile and administer treatments and programs that will help the juvenile in learning good

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