The Cherokee Trail Of Tears Essay

1074 Words May 27th, 2016 5 Pages
The Trail of Tears
The Cherokee Trail of Tears occurred in 1838, in response to the Indian Removal Act of the 1830’s. The forced Removal Act was signed into law on May 28, 1830, under the supremacy of Andrew Jackson. Jackson had long despised the Native population and went to great lengths to exclude them from their sovereignty. Shortly after, the U.S. government passed the Treaty of New Echota in 1835 to justify the policies of the removal. The treaty was the result of a mutual agreement between a local Cherokee leader, along with a small constituency of Indians known as the Treaty Party, and the United States. When these Cherokees signed the Treaty of New Echota, most of them signed their own death warrants because the Cherokee Nation Council had solidified a law that called for the death of anyone who wish to give up tribal land. In effect, all Cherokee territory east of the Mississippi was relinquished to the United states in exchange for five million dollars and new homelands in Indian territory. However, the mass majority of the Cherokee Nation rejected the notion of the treaty, and more than 15, 000 Cherokees acted out against its unfair negotiations. As a result, the Treaty of New Echota became the legal basis for the Trail of Tears, soon after it was amended and ratified by the U.S. Senate in 1836. This paper will analyze the reason why the Indians were forced to renounce their territorial gains to white Americans and venture down the rugged terrain of the Trail of…

Related Documents