Political Ideologies: Karl Marx And Fredrick Engels

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Throughout history, humans have been using political ideals as a means to gain power and keep people from living in complete chaos. In the course of human history, we have seen political ideologies evolve in ways that have propelled nations to greatness and in the same way plunged nations and civilizations into ruin. However, many of these ideologies, in idealized societies would be able to flourish and sustain the populations with minimal complication. I believe that of the ideologies that we learned about in class, that Marxism is fundamentally the best with the fewest conceivable problems under the correct circumstances, and that Fascism is the least effective of the major ideologies. Karl Marx and Fredrick Engels lay out the basic principles …show more content…
This type of economy is beneficial for all members of the state since the wealth is evenly distributed to all (“Marxism”). To reach this state of equality among members of the state there must be a social revolution to attain this state. The ‘Bourgeois’ according to Marx and Engels are capitalistic upper-class members who own the means of production in a capitalist society, and ‘Proletariat” is the lower working class (Marx and Engels 63-66). This type of economic plan is modified to include some capitalist ideas and used in many Fascist regimes such as Hitler’s Germany or Mussolini’s Italy (“Fascism”). The economic ideas of both ideologies have the ability to work in a society. However, the fascist’s use of capitalist ideas of ownership would put a strain on the relationship between the leadership and the population. Overall, the economic ideals of Marxism are more practical in a society of today in which the under class greatly out numbers the ruling …show more content…
Communist “regard equality as a fundamental value and, in particular, endorse social equality.” (Haywood 104). Fascist however, “Believe that humankind is marked by radical inequality, both between leaders and followers and between the various nations or races of the world” (Haywood 104). The history of Fascism is marked by violent genocides and racial discrimination. In order to have a society thrive the people of the nation need to feel secure and that they are equal with one another. With this in mind, the ideals of Fascism do not allow for the spread of a regime to other areas without the treat of war and the deaths of the people of the area. Marxist societies are open to other idea and do not discriminate against you if you do not share their ideals. These views on the equality of all human beings allow for Marxist expansion and may encourage the social revolution needed to create a society with this type of political

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