The Changing Nature of Crime and Law Enforcement Essays

828 Words Apr 11th, 2005 4 Pages
Law enforcement agencies nationwide must constantly adapt to the changing nature of crime and the ways criminals must be prosecuted. New dangers like terrorism, as well as old ones, such as public corruption, threaten the public and force police agencies to acclimate themselves to this new environment. President Clinton explained the need for the development of the federal and local law enforcement agencies.
"We have begun to find a way to reduce crime, forming community partnerships with local police forces to catch criminals and prevent crime. This strategy, called community policing, is clearly working. But we still have a long way to go before our streets are safe and our people are free from fear. Our next step in the fight against
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Currently the most threatening type of international crime is terrorism. Terrorism has reshaped the world and has exposed holes in law enforcement procedure and practice. The Department of Homeland Security was created by the Homeland Security Act of 2002 and it is the most important agency responsible for directing the government's efforts to prevent and respond to terrorism. The act consolidated the existing government agencies into a single department that has the responsibility for preventing and responding to terrorism. Included in the Department of Homeland Security are the Coast Guard, the Border Patrol, the Immigration and Naturalization Service, and the Transportation Security Administration.
The nation's largest law enforcement agency, the FBI, takes responsibility for investigating acts of terrorism, and its counterterrorism division works to protect the country from terrorist attacks. Similarly the Central Intelligence Agency works in foreign countries, obtaining intelligence about terrorist activity. It uses its leverage world wide to investigate, and arrest suspected terrorists.
In times of extraordinarily threat the government has been known to grant law-enforcement agencies special powers of arrest and detention. These powers are generally temporary so as to avoid unjust and severe measures that violate civil rights and civil liberties. These expanded powers, however, have generated public concern and criticism, especially when

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