The Challenges Of Special Education In Afghanistan

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Afghanistan is located in southern Asia. The primary ethnic groups are: Pashtun, Tajik and Hazara and the official languages are Afghan Persian or Dari and Pashto (The World Factbook, 2015). The estimated population is 32,564,342 and the life expectancy is approximately 50.87 years old (The World Factbook, 2015). Afghanistan has a number of challenges. They have been recovering from years of conflict. Since the fall of the Taliban, their economy has made an improvement. According to international data, Afghanistan is one of the poorest countries in the world, their living standards are among the worlds worst (The World Factbook, 2015). They have a shortage of basic essential needs such as; housing and clean water.
In Afghanistan,
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Despite the challenges, Afghanistan has achieved noteworthy achievements in education and curriculum planning. Afghanistan clearly demonstrates the desire for educational reform. In 2006, the government endorsed a 5-year education plan (Georgescu, 2008, 444). The plan described the changes that were needed to their educational system and the need to developing their teachers’ ability to handle learner needs. However, there was not a specific mention of addressing special education. Based on Afghanistan’s Education Law, all children have an equal right to access quality education. If they are going to achieve this, they must specifically address the needs of their students with disabilities.
China is located in eastern Asia. It is the third largest country in the world. The capital of China is Beijing. There are 56 recognized ethnic groups and the standard languages are Chinese and Mandarin (The World Factbook, 2015). “China is the most populous country in the world (Mazurek, K, Winzer, M.A., 2005, p. 69). The estimated population is 1,367,485,388 and life expectancy is 75.41 (The World Factbook, 2015). China is a communist country. China has moved from a closed, centrally planned system to a more market-oriented one. China became the world 's largest exporter in 2010

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