The Challenges Of Female Offenders: Involvement Within Criminal Justice System

Decent Essays
Bryan Santigo
Crimnal Investigation
Dr.Ray
12-3-16

Female Offenders: Involvement within Criminal Justice System

Fines are preferable to imprisonment and other types of punishment because they are more efficient. With a fine, the punishment to offenders is also revenue to the State. According to Bureau of Justice Statistics, females are account for 54 percent of the drug crimes. The growing rate of females incarceration calls for a critical evaluation of social impact of our nation’s increasing reliance on correctional facilities to deal with women involvement in crime. The challenges that females face in court system it different from males. When a female is under correctional supervision, she can face several challenges within her sentence.
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The justice system hasn’t appeared to have caught up with the times when it comes to domestic violence and only males being treated as the aggressor. More men than women were victims of intimate partner physical violence within the past year, according to a national study funded by the Centers for Disease Control and U.S. Department of Justice.(Hoff, 2012 )
There are serious implications for the justice system in the fact that individuals are sanctioned differently based on gender. Additionally, juries are often selected by attorneys with gender in mind if a case comes to trial. Women tend to be more caring, while men are more concerned with the truth and finding justice. We know that like race, gender matters. A plethora of studies make clear that in rape cases, for example, female jurors are somewhat more likely to vote to convict than male jurors. (Excerpts From Supreme Court Opinions on Sex as Jury-Selection Standard , 1994)
Even though the Supreme Court took action in an attempt to sway attorneys from engaging in this practice, it still occurs today. Attorneys are fully aware, and purposely select those jurors that they feel will be more susceptible to being swayed by an emotional roller coaster of whatever situation is being heard by the
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The due date for the mothers are normally a mystery. Inmates and their families are rarely informed of the possible, likely scheduled due date until the morning of the appointment. Even if an inmate is going to have a planned C-section, she won’t be told until the day of the procedure. A spokesperson for the Department of Corrections asserts that the restrictions are in place to prevent women from getting outside help to plan an escape. Prison pregnancy is a lonely experience. Despite the “all-eyes-watching” experience, close family and friends are not allowed in the room with the inmate.Women in many states can be placed in leg irons up until the last trimester of their pregnancy. Human rights groups argue that the practice of shackling women while giving birth violates their constitutional rights, and several disturbing cases of have been reported in recent years. The birthing process for incarcerated women, the amount of time an inmate will have with her newborn varies by state. In most states it is 24 hours. This is the most painful experience of prison birth. Most children born to incarcerated mothers end up living with grandparents. According to the Bureau of Justice Statistics, approximately 10 percent of those children are in foster care or group

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