The Causes Of The Cold War

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The competing ideologies between the United States of America and the Soviet Union influenced the Cold War. The Berline Blockade and airlift, the Korean War and the Cuban Missile Crisis are crucial events of the Cold War and was a result of the ideological differences between the two superpowers. As Malone stated, “the United States’ ideology of capitalism and the Soviet Union’s ideology of communism led to a superpower rivalry” (156). The Berlin blockade and airlift which was the first crisis of the cold war, was caused by the ideological differences between the United States and the Soviet Union. After the defeat of Germany in 1945, the allies divided Germany into four zones, West Germany was controlled by Britain, America and France while …show more content…
The difference in their aims was the primary cause of the Berlin Blockade. The establishment of Bizonia in January 1947, the Marshall Aid and introduction of Deutsche Mark in West Germany angered Stalin. Stalin believed that by introducing a new currency, the USA and Britain were trying to wreck the East German economy. On 24 June 1948, the Soviets blockaded West Berlin by closing all roads, canals and railway links to West Berlin. American commander in Berlin, General Clay claimed that, “When Berlin falls, Western Germany will be next. If we withdraw our position in Berlin, Europe is threatened ... Communism will run rampant” (gcsehistory). Resisting to allow West Berlin to fall under the Soviet control, the United States and Britain soon began “Operation Vittles”, which was the airlift of supplies into West Berlin. The blockade lasted 318 days, during this time 275,000 planes transported 1.5 million tons of supplies into West Berlin. Source 1 below is a photograph captured by Henry Ries of an airlift plane arriving at Tempelhof Airlift. Due to America’s success in the airlift Stalin finally ended the blockade of Berlin on 12 May …show more content…
In 1948, Korea officially split into North Korea which was supported by the Soviet Union and South Korea which was supported by the United States, this began Korea’s ideological conflicts. As Burgan stated, “in Korea, the ideological battle led to a bloody war” (5). With the desire to expand communism, Stalin agreed to help President Kim II-Sung of North Korea invade South Korea. With the support of the Soviet Union, North Korea got “ready to use the war as a means to achieve their ideological and political goals” (ciaonet). The Korean war officially began on 25 June 1950, when the North Korean army crossed the 38th Parallel and invaded South Korea. Soon the United States came to South Korea’s aid because President Truman believed that “if we let Korea down, the Soviet[s] will keep right on going and swallow up one [place] after another” (history). Stalin’s ideas of wanting to expand communism and Truman’s idea of preventing the spread of communism caused the Korean War. The Soviet Union and the United States participation of the Korean war made it very competitive because the two superpowers were fighting to overpower their opposing

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