The Causes Of The American Civil War

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The Civil war was a conflict over a way life. A plantation agriculture of the South that depended on slaves. When Abraham Lincoln was elected president in 1860 his opposition to slavery was seen as a threat to the economic interest of the southern states. The South responded by seceding from the Union and founding the confederate States of America in 1861 with Jefferson Davis as their president. South Carolina was the first to secede, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia and Louisiana secede in January 1861.

The war effectively began the moment South Carolina passed the act of secessions. The south that the union remove its forces from government installations in the South. The most visible government installation was fort Sumter in Charleston
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The union produced 90% of manufacturing goods, had 75% of the wealth and 2/3 of the rail mileage. Looking at these figures the outcome of the war was preordained. However, Southern leaders counted on three factors. First, the power of cotton, 2/3 of the cotton used in Britain was produced in the South. Thus many southerners counted on foreign intervention on behalf of the south. Second, many southerners felt that the north would not fight hard for the Union and give up. Finally, they relied the superior military capability of southerners. The majority of the graduates from west point were …show more content…
Grant was able to cutoff Confederate General John C. Palmerton forces from the interior and initiated a siege of Vicksburg, thus giving the union control of the Mississippi river. This siege of Vicksburg shifted the tide of the war in favor of the Union. In March of 1864 Grant was appointed general and chief of all union Armies. He launched a new drive on Richmond however, he suffered many losses in the wildness campaign of May and June. At Cold Harbor Grant made a mistake by ordering a frontal assault on the confederates. The result was 7,000 Union casualties in less than an

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