Research Paper On Down Syndrome

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Down syndrome is one of the most common genetic disorders. Down syndrome is a genetic disorder where a person is born with an extra copy of chromosome 21. Down syndrome is a form of mental retardation. In the United States about 4,000 children are being born with this condition annually. One in about every 900 births is effected, making it the most common birth defect. There are three genetic variations that cause this disorder: trisomy 21, Mosaic Trisomy 21, or Translocation Trisomy 21. There are many ways in how this disorder can affect the body. Trisomy 21 happens when an egg or sperm comes in with an extra copy of chromosome 21, then when an embryo is formed and starts to develop the chromosome is replicated in every single cell of the embryo. Trisomy 21 is …show more content…
Usually if it happens it attaches itself to chromosome 14. About 3-4% of people have Translocation Trisomy down syndrome. Anyone can be born with down syndrome because it is an event that occurs at random. Even though down syndrome can be inherited it usually is not. In the Unites States, about one in every 1000 child born has down syndrome. Down syndrome basically affects all genders and races. There are three different types of down syndrome that have been identified to this day. The first case was reported in the late 1950’s but it was identified as a disorder until the late 1960’s. In about almost all cases it is quite easy to identify a person with down syndrome. It is easy to tell because of the facial features but with the upcoming technology is it making it less noticeable. While there is no cure for this condition there are many treatments and help for the patients to live happy and great lives. Even though these conditions have not been scientifically proven to be 100% effective they have indeed helped many to live more comfortable lives. The medial problems the down syndrome children have

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