The Causes And Treatment Of Noradrenaline And Bipolar Disease Disorders

1782 Words 8 Pages
Register to read the introduction… The transmitters involved are three neurotransmitters called noradrenaline, serotonin, and dopamine. Noradrenaline and serotonin are involved with psychiatric moods disorders such as depression and bipolar disease. Dopamine is anything that brings pleasure to the brain so if that area of the brain suffers trauma then it would cause psychosis and schizophrenia and possibly distorted illusions. The chemical serotonin is responsible for bodily functions as being awake, sleep, eating, learning, memory and disruption can contribute to bipolar disease disorder and schizophrenia. The Bipolar disease disorder has increased in knowledge over the past ten years with doctors exploring the disorder. The disorder has ranges from mania highs to depression lows. Drugs and alcohol can make this disease more complicated to treat and the severity can be extreme. The disorder is caused mainly by an underlying circuitry in the brain that involves the brain chemical balance with neurotransmitters. The transmitters involved are three neurotransmitters called noradrenaline, serotonin, and dopamine. Noradrenaline and serotonin are involved with psychiatric moods disorders such as depression and bipolar disease. Dopamine is anything that brings pleasure to the brain so if that area of the brain suffers trauma then it would cause psychosis and schizophrenia and possibly distorted illusions. The chemical serotonin is responsible for bodily functions as being awake, sleep, eating, learning, memory and disruption can contribute to bipolar disease disorder and schizophrenia. There are several types of panic disorders, Obsessive compulsive disorder, phobias, social anxiety disorder, and post-traumatic distress disorder just to name a few. Anxiety is a normal stressor however, when it turns into a stressor that affects an individual’s everyday life it will …show more content…
Common antipsychotics used are: Risperidone or Resperdal, Ariprazole also known as Abilify, Olanzipine (Zyprexa) (which is used in patients with severe or psychotic depression which can cause hallucinations and breaks in reality), and Clozapine. Clozapine is most frequently used in patients that do not respond to anti-convulsants or Lithium. Anti-depressants are used to treat depression in bipolar patients and must be paired with a mood stabilizer and/or an anti-psychotic because patients on anti-depressants only can quickly switch to mania which can be dangerous. The most frequently prescribed anti-depressants are Fluoxetine which we know as Prozac, Paroxetine also known as Paxil, or Sertraline which is Zoloft. Then there are mood stabilizers, which were originally developed as anti-convulsants to treat seizures. Some of these are: Valproic acid, also called divalproex sodium or Depakote, Carbamazepine (Tegretol), oxcarbazepine (Trileptal), and the most commonly known is Lithium. “Lithium was the first mood stabilizer approved by the FDA in the 1970's for treating both manic and depressive episodes.” However many prescription drugs can have adverse side effects. Lithium patients have to see a doctor regularly to make sure the thyroid and kidneys are working correctly and to measure the amount of Lithium in the blood. Side effects of Lithium include blackouts, hallucinations, excessive thirst, slurred speech, swelling of the hands, eyes, lips, lower legs, tongue, throat, and ankles; and itching rash ("National Institute Of Mental Health",

Related Documents