Essay on The Causes And Treatment Of Cancer

933 Words Dec 2nd, 2016 4 Pages
Cancer is the second leading cause of deaths in the United States. There are many different types cancer therapies including immunotherapy, chemotherapy, and radiation. There are also many different types of immunotherapy. These include Monoclonal antibodies, non-specific immunotherapies, oncolytic virus therapy, t-cell therapy, and cancer vaccines. In immunotherapy, the therapy uses the body’s immune system to fight the cancer cells. Certain immunotherapies can mark cancer cells so it is easier for the person 's immune system to find and destroy them. The substances that are used in this vaccine are either made in a laboratory or from the human body.
Cancer cells do not stop growing and dividing. They rapidly multiply and divide and they do not stop. This causes the formation of a tumor that continues to grow in size. Scientists have found that the mechanism that helps explain why cancer cells grow so rapidly. All cells contain enzymes and endure glycosylation. During this process, enzymes are involved in the formation of sugar molecules on the cells surface proteins. In healthy and normal cells, the enzymes are located in the golgi apparatus, which is a type membrane system inside the cell. In the cancer cells, the enzymes are located in another membrane system called the endoplasmic reticulum. When proteins are formed inside of the cell, they pass through these membrane systems. This is where the enzymes attach sugar chains to the proteins before they are transported…

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