Essay on The Causes And Effects Of Multiple Sclerosis

1046 Words May 12th, 2016 null Page
The Causes and Effects of Multiple Sclerosis
Multiple sclerosis is, by definition a “chronic, typically progressive disease involving damage to the sheaths of nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord, whose symptoms may include numbness, impairment of speech and of muscular coordination, blurred vision, and severe fatigue.” (Oxford Dictionaries, Multiple Sclerosis). We have an understanding of the immune system, whose purpose is to protect the body and fight against diseases. With multiple sclerosis, the immune system does not perform its job, but instead, attacks the body resulting in varying levels of damage to the body. The effects of multiple sclerosis are seen as the result of occurrences taking place at a more molecular level. “If an axon loses myelin, it still lacks sodium channel in the areas previously covered with myelin, and most action potentials die out between one node and the next” (Kalat, p.44-45). Multiple sclerosis will present itself with a wide array of symptoms, due to the fact that the central nervous system has been compromised. As we know, the central nervous system is comprised of the spinal cord and brain, both of which control nearly all of our activities. That is why, depending on the level of damage that has been done to the central nervous system will result in different symptoms and different degrees of severity of the disease.The processes involved in the development and symptoms of multiple sclerosis has been outlined below.
Within the CNS,…

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