The Causes And Cons Of Genetically Modified Foods

786 Words 4 Pages
When considering genetically modified (GM) organisms with the likes of its organic counterpart on a macroscopic view, there is almost no difference between the natural occurring organism and the GM organism. In contrast, the microscopic view, which takes into consideration factors like DNA sequences and other cellular components, provides subtle differences between genetically modified organisms and naturally occurring organisms. One subfield of GM organisms that gets constant recognition is genetically modified foods. There is only one question: how safe are genetically modified foods to eat? Henry Miller and Gregory Conko say that GM foods are safe for the consumer and better for the environment (2006, 232). Jeffery Smith argues that genetically …show more content…
The major motivation for his assertion is that GM foods provide a health risk that cannot be dismissed. Starting with the example of the genetically modified potato consumed by rats, he uses a study of a pro-GM scientist that finds detrimental effects to their organ systems, spleen and thymus defects, and immune system deficiencies (Smith 2007, 240). Smith presents on multiple occasions preliminary findings and uses expressions that do not make distinct associations to back up his claim. The first claim being that the GM variety of cotton being consumed by Sheep was “most probably” caused by a toxin that resulted from a gene being inserted into the cotton (Smith 2007, 242). Another claim that creates attention is an allergen response to a protein found natural soybeans and in GM soybeans. Smith uses a finding that relates this protein with a cross-reaction with similar effects that of peanut allergies. He argues that even with a protein that causes allergies in its natural form, “cross-reactivity could theoretically increase in GM varieties” (Smith 2007, 242). Smith views government insight and regulation as the ultimate pressure stop to the entire GM movement. Smith sees an opportunity for governments to recognize the adverse health problems that GM foods cause and he demands though strong tone that they are not to coexist …show more content…
Henry Miller and Gregory Conko make an effective argument through innovations made by GM crop technology on why they are safe to eat. While Jeffery Smith remains highly critical of the genetically modified food movement, he falls short of convincing his audience on why GM foods should be abandoned entirely. Smith’s argument cites probabilities and unclear associations with his major push against GM foods, which are the adverse health risks to humans and other animals. Miller and Conko surpass the inaccuracies of James Smith’s argument, and provide merit to why GM foods are safe to

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