The Causes And Cons Of Concussions In Football

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Its 2013 and the US is in the middle of its annual football season. The Browns were playing the Denver Broncos, and wide-receiver Josh Cribbs is on the field. He caught a sixty yard catch and was blindsided by the opposing defense. Josh was on the ground hazed and unable to move. After approximately thirty seconds, he got up and was gestured to move to the sidelines. On the sidelines, he was asked if he knew who the opposing team was. Cribbs had no idea and no answer for the trainers. After a few minutes he guessed and was correct, and the trainers cleared him of a concussion, and he got back on the field. Later that evening, Josh went to see a Neurologist and it was discovered he had a major concussion and the brain of a fifty two year old; …show more content…
They can occur in almost any situation with the chance of a person having impact to cranium. This being said, they are most common in contact sports such as, American Football. This is a sport that requires two teams to compete against one another and prevent the opposing team from taking the football into a certain zone. To prevent the opposing team from scoring the players can ram into the opposing team as hard as possible. This in-turn can cause very mild to severe cases of concussions in the players. The injuries can go unnoticed or be diagnosed. However, in both cases there can be effects that develop after time has passed. According to a study done by Cornelius Van-Neil, there are many long-term effects that are associated with minor brain traumas (1). A group of 186 children who had a minor brain trauma were studied under an MRI, and the image showed fifty eighty percent of the children had brain abnormalities six to twelve months after being cleared of a concussion (Van-Neil 1). In addition to the abnormal imaging, there were both cognitive and somatic effects that were noted of (Van-Neil 1). These effects included major headaches, forgetfulness and inattention (Van-Neil 1). These are the minor effects a person can endure after a single concussion, but there are many more long-term effects of head …show more content…
In fact as exemplified in a study conducted by Christine Baugh and others, there was an increase in the probability of a person developing CTE or Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy if there was repetitive brain trauma endured by the average human(Baugh, et al 247). Therefore, it can be concluded that there is a very noticeable correlation between head traumas and CTE. However, concussions do not have to be serious for CTE to develop in a person’s brain. The traumas can be both concussive, or noticeable, and subconcussive, or unnoticed. These two types of traumas can cause the disease because both sub-concussive and concussive traumas cause hyperphosphorylated tau and TDP-43(Baugh, et al 246). Furthermore, CTE is an extremely fatal disorder because it is the slow deterioration of one’s mental capabilities and psychological well-being(Baugh, et al 246). More specifically, the disease causes symptoms such as, executive dysfunction, memory impairment, depression and suicidality, apathy, poor impulse control, and eventually dementia (Baugh, et al 247). Additionally, this disorder is more commonly in those who partake in high contact sports. In fact, according to a study conducted by the American Academy of Neurology at least ninety two percent of athletes who endure head

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