The Causes And Aspects Of The Austrian Revolution Of 1848

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Aside from the successful unifications of Italy and Germany, many other countries were also undergoing change to become better, successful, and more dominant. Mainly, there were three countries that had experienced reforms or changes. One of these countries or nations, was the Austrian Empire. As the only lasting result of the revolution of 1848 was the emancipation, which freed the serfs; the Austrian Empire was in need of economic and social change. However, this change brought about an urban proletariat, labor unrest, and a new industrial middle class. The empire was brought to a unified system of administration, law, and taxation controlled by German-speaking officials in 1851. On the other hand, Hungary gained control of education and …show more content…
On March 3, 1861, Tsar Alexander II granted new rights to the peasants by passing his emancipation edict. These rights allowed for peasants to own property, marry as they chose, and file suits in the court of law. As there were pro’s to the emancipation, there were also cons. One of the limitations of this emancipation was that peasants had to purchase land from their landowners, however the landowners got to keep the good pieces of property. Even though this may seem like a great idea for the peasants, it was not because of the rising population of peasants. Another negative side of the emancipation, was the fact that the peasants really did not own their land but the village commune did. The peasants were expected to repay the state in long term installments, as the state paid the landowners to give land to the peasants. The village commune’s that these sanctions of land were located in collected the payments from the peasants, which in return paid back the state. If the village commune did not receive their payments, the peasants were not allowed to leave their land until the amount was paid. This shows that the peasants really did not gain their freedom completely. On the other hand, these reforms were not the only reforms that

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