Essay on The Cause of War: Stoessinger’s Misperception Framework

1913 Words Apr 16th, 2011 8 Pages
The Cause of War: Stoessinger’s Misperception Framework
By Anthony Marchitto

Political Violence has been affiliated with governments and nations since the beginning of political history and plays a huge role in the causes of Wars around the world. What causes leaders to declare war? Many philosophers have based their studies and theories on this question; many have different perspectives. One philosopher, John Stoessinger, has expressed his theories on the causes of war through what he calls his “misperception framework.” Stoessinger shows great interests in the personalities of world leaders; he is less impressed with the roles of abstract forces such as nationalism, militarism, economic factors, or alliance systems as the causes of
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This opened up an environment which now can be exploited by political power.
France’s Military involvement in Indochina came to an end in the middle of 1954 during the Geneva Conference with the creation of the Geneva Accords. At this time America became an outlining presence in Indochina while many agreements were made between the involved nation resulting in Vietnam being broken down into North and South. The guidelines of these agreements was seen to be acceptable to Ho Chi Minh, leader of the new Northern Vietnam, based on his anticipations in winning all of Vietnam in the general election said to take place in 1956. The U.S. knew that Minh would most definitely win the general election and took quick action. The Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) was shortly created by the United States which made South Vietnam a separate state and in turn destroying the general election of 1956. The creation of SEATO was viewed by the Vietminh as an undoing of the Geneva Accords. A leader must always have a grasp of its adversary’s character; if these characteristics are distorted violence will certainly take on a huge role. Stoessinger depicts how Minh views the character of the U.S. by writing, “Ho Chi Minh saw the American position as an effort to deprive the Vietminh in the political area of what it had gained militarily on the Battlefield” (Stoessinger 111). The placement of communists in the South

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