The Case Of Margarita Part Essay
Existential theory is based on a philosophical approach to psychotherapy as opposed to a method. The perspective of this approach is humanistic and “ focuses on exploring themes such as mortality, meaning, freedom, responsibility, anxiety, and aloneness as these relate to a person’s current struggle” (Corey, p. 139, 2013). Existential therapy is based on the notion that as humans we are free to make decisions and because of this we are responsible for the consequences associated with those choices. The counselor strives to understand the clients worldview, becoming self aware and assisting them in understanding it, changing it, and accepting responsibility for it.
Theory’s Origin The origins of the approach can be traced back to philosophy and cannot be attributed to a single person. It began to emerge in various parts of Europe in the 1940’s and 1950’s due to the effects of World War II. It is one of the longest recognized forms of psychotherapy extending back to the early 1920’s (Correia, Cooper, & Berdondini, 2014). Nietzsche, Sartre, Kierkegaard, Buber, and Heidegger were philosophers and analyst who influenced psychologist such as Frankl, Yalom, Bugentahl, and May. Each of these men made substantial contributions to the field of existential theory (Nystul, 2011). There have been numerous attempts over the years to define this theory but due to the various opposing…