The Cartesian Evil Genius Hypothesis Descartes

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The Cartesian Evil Genius hypothesis, or The Evil Genius Doubt, is a philosophical skeptical hypothesis put forth by philosopher René Descartes. The hypothesis argues that one exists in a world populated with only a powerful God-like entity attempting to deceive the individual. In Descartes’ Discourse on Method and Meditations on First Philosophy , he puts forth multiple hypotheses that argue that the nature of existence should be doubted, each hypothesis is more extreme than the last, all cumulating to the aforementioned doubt: nothing that the individual perceives actually exists, only this being who wants to trick them. “How do I know there is not something else, over and above all those things that I have just reviewed, concerning which …show more content…
A purely subjective world would be a world where those laws and axioms changed, and if they changed, then they would not exist at all, in which case the universe would then seem to not function. On a human level, if our realities are entirely subjective than “alternative facts” exist since the facts are not necessarily the same for everyone. If the sky is blue and someone says its brown, then in a subjective world the sky would indeed also be brown, and that is not the case. The sky is not currently blue. Order relies on an agreed upon set of rules, so if those rules do not exist then order does not exist. It should then reason that the world is objective and any difference in opinion that arises is from the fact individuals interpret the objective truth in different ways. However, no matter what one may think, what is true is true, and what is not true is false. Here, a problem arises, “Surely whatever I had admitted until now as most true, I received from the senses of through the senses. However, I have noticed that the senses are sometimes deceptive; and it is a mark of prudence never to place our complete trust in those who have deceived us even once” (Descartes …show more content…
Much like Descartes one can start from the smallest known reality and work outwards, an individual’s existence is reality. It has also been concluded that an individual has a subjective reality, so an individual’s existence is a reality subject to themselves. However, Galileo reminds us of natural law, what should be the objective reality that governs all. And there is where the answer lies, nature should be objective, but it is not completely. Galileo was a man of science who paved the way for many other great scientists, and furthered understanding, one of these scientists was Albert Einstein, and his theory of Relativity helps show one important fact of nature: nature and its laws are also subjective. Most are taught the Earth is round, that is the truth of Earth’s shape, and thus it should be the objective reality. But in fact the Earth is only round from our point of view. Part of Einstein’s theory is, Relativistic Length Contraction. Following this theory, then, to the point of view of some cosmic rays, the Earth is indeed flat. This example is not saying that the world is flat, from the perspective of all of humanity, Earth is round, and calling it flat would be wrong (“Relativistic”). What this example shows is that an objective reality is not a fundamental, unchanging reality, instead it is the collective, agreed upon reality—although

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