The Cardinal Virtues Of Plato 's Theory : Wisdom, Courage, Temperance, And Justice

809 Words Feb 5th, 2016 4 Pages
Virtue is good attributes that controls our feelings such as anger, joy, sorrow, love and impulse. Vice are hostile features we incur as a result of our emotions and Virtue Theory on the other hand is when we have good traits and we do not have any hostile personality. According to Fieser, there are four cardinal virtues in Plato’s theory: wisdom, courage, temperance, and justice. (Fieser 35). In Aristotle’s theory, the psyche consist of three faculties: cumulative, appetitive and vegetative. The appetitive faculty is both rational and irrational because it is accountable for our state of consciousness in human and lower animals undergo strong feelings. (Fieser 36). Aristotle went as far as to make three general observations about the nature of moral virtues. He mentioned that the capacity to control our feelings is not unpremeditated, he also said virtues that are controlled by our desires are distinctive traits, or regular temperament that should not be seen as emotions or mental abilities and the third and final observation is “Moral virtues are desire regulating character traits that fall at some mean between more extreme character traits”. There are two vices that are associated with the virtue of courage they are rash and cowardice.
According to Fieser there are eleven virtues that Aristotle covers they are: courage, temperance, generosity, magnificence, self-respect, right ambition, good temperance, friendly civility, sincerity, wittiness and modesty. In the…

Related Documents