Canadian Legislation Process

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The Canadian legislative process can be a highly laborious task. Within Parliament, the passing of new legislation can be an enormous ordeal, taking a considerable amount of time to come to fruition. For legislation to be introduced, discussed, finalized, and passed, the time needed can range from a few weeks to a couple of months. This can be affected by a variety of reasons, such as if the government in power is a majority or minority. However, this often occurs because legislation proposed must undergo a variety of stages to ensure it is viable within society. Passing each separate stage before it is deemed appropriate to implement within the public system. The legislative process has six main stages which a proposed legislation must go …show more content…
During this stage, any member of parliament can offer a new amendment. Any major amendments wanted to be made by the government must also occur at this stage. After every amendment is considered, the bill is voted upon once again. This vote occurs to establish whether the bill has been fully amended. The fourth stage occurs again, within the Senate. This is to ensure that both the House of Commons and the Senate agree to the amendments made. After this, the bill can progress towards the next stage. The fifth stage of the process, Third Reading, is the final stage of consideration for the bill within the House. During this stage, members of the House debate on the final form of the bill. Conclusively, during this stage members will decide whether the bill will pass, or be withheld. The bill then enters the final stage of the process, the Royal Assent stage. In this stage, once the Senate and the House of Commons have passed the bill in the exact same form, it is given to the Governor General; Who gives the bill Royal Assent. Making the bill a law. Throughout this, and throughout a government’s reign, Parliament utilizes a variety of surveillance functions to help hold the government accountable for their …show more content…
This form of surveillance is the most celebrated by Members of the House, and it is the most attended. It is even televised throughout the country so that citizens can witness what occurs during a question period. Question period takes place every day of the week and usually begins around 2:15pm. It usually occurs no later than this time, but on Fridays it occurs earlier in the day, around 11:15 am. During a question period, Members of the House ask questions without giving the recipient any prior notice of what the subject relates to. The recipient of the question can be any Member of the House, even the Prime Minister, as long as the person is attending that specific question period. The recipient is expected to answer the question no matter what the subject may be. This does not necessarily mean the answer given will be well constructed. This form of surveillance can be useful to Parliament as it allows them to question Members of the Government on a variety of subjects. However, question periods may not be as effective as other forms of surveillance. This is can be attributed to the fact that the recipient must simply answer the question on the spot, without giving it much thought. Subsequently, the recipient may discuss the question in a manner that does not fully answer the question. Due to this, the recipient can avoid fully discussing certain questions that may have great significance.

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