Essay about The Bonobo And The Atheist Frans De Waal

801 Words Nov 14th, 2016 4 Pages
Humans and animals have always been viewed as separate, but in truth we are one and the same. In The Bonobo and the Atheist Frans de Waal makes an argument about how are not different and that one trait many argue makes us different, our morals, is not just indicative of us. De Waal shows many examples of morals in animals, but it is apparent that there morals are still different then ours. Human and other animals share similar moral traits but they differ in their development, and scope of altruism. To begin let us look at how humans develop morals on an individual level, Lawrence Kohlberg looked deeply into this idea. He saw human morals develop in a series of stages, “Kohlberg and his associates defined six stages of moral development and assigned the statements to one of the six stages. Additionally, there were six types of motives the subjects used to justify their reasoning, which corresponded to the six stages.”(How Moral Are You?, p198) Through our readings of The Bonobo and the Atheist it is apparent that these stages are in other animals as well. On page 165 we see the development of a moral hierarchy in monkeys, “All adults came to drink in hierarchical order, not unlike the nut-cracking scene at Tama Zoo, but infants under one year of age showed up whenever they wanted. They drank with the highest-ranking males and freely mingled with the top matriarch’s family. Punishment came into play only in their second year, when they quickly learned their place.”…

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