Essay about The Body 's Largest Internal Organ

1617 Words Nov 12th, 2016 7 Pages
The liver, the body’s largest internal organ, is located under your rib cage on the right side of the abdominal cavity. It weighs around three pounds and is shaped similar to a half of a football. The liver’s key roles include processing nutrients from food, making new proteins, producing bile, and removing waste that the kidney is unable to break down (Herrine, 2016). A healthy liver is necessary for the body to survive. Unlike other organs the liver is able to regenerate most of its own cells when they become damaged. If injury to the liver is too severe scarring to the organ may occur causing a condition called cirrhosis (Herrine, 2016).
Cirrhosis is a condition that causes the liver to slowly deteriorate. Scar tissue replaces healthy liver tissue and partially blocks the flow of blood to the liver. The buildup of scar tissue is usually a slow process. In the early stages of cirrhosis, the liver continues to function. As cirrhosis continues to worsen scar tissue replaces healthy tissue and the liver begins to fail. End stage liver disease begins at this point. According to Talwalkar and Gores “Cirrhosis is the 12th leading cause of death in the United States, accounting for nearly 32,000 deaths each year” (Talwalkar and Gores, 2014). More men die of cirrhosis than women. Chronic hepatitis C and alcohol-related liver disease are the most common causes of cirrhosis. Nonalcoholic liver disease is a chronic condition that is also on the rise.

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