The Black Power Movement Essay

636 Words Apr 22nd, 2010 3 Pages
The Black Power Movement

During and after the days of Jim Crow, blacks in the United States were economically and

socially oppressed. Blacks still faced lower wages than whites, segregation of public amenities

and racial discrimination. At this time many groups were created to challenge these injusticces.

The Black Power Movement and the Civil Rights movement were similar because they both

fought for equal rights and equal treatment for African Americans. However, they sought to

achieve different goals and implemented different forms of action to achieve change. The Civil

Rights Movement fought for desegregation and believed in non-violence, while the Black Power

Movement rejected integration for
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However, non-violent protestors were

being beaten, cut with razors and knives, hot cigarettes and cigars were burnt into their arms and

faces, they were spat upon and kicked to the floor, policemen locked them up by the thousands

into cramped unsanitary jails (Muse,1968). Even with the obvious progress, discrimination

could not be eliminated.

Many members of the SNCC grew tired of the non-violent approach used by King

and other groups within the Civil Rights Organization. Increasing members of the SNCC had come to reject the moderate path of cooperation, integration and assimilation of their elders (Ogbar,2005).

Divisions grew betweeen the Civil Rights Movement and the Black Panther Movement. The

leaders of the Black Power Movement argued that assimilation or integration robs blacks of their

identity and dignity (Algernon, 2003). Malcom X, a member of the nation of Islam, believed that

Africans historically fought to protect their lands, cultures and freedoms from European Colonists,

and that to seek to integrate into a society that has stolen one’s people and their wealth is an act of

treason (Algernon, 2003). As a result, aggressively more radical voices came foward to challenge

racial discrimination. Black Power advocates began to

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