The Biological Theory Of Criminology Essay

1254 Words Sep 14th, 2016 6 Pages
The biological theory of criminology is based upon the idea that offenders within the criminal justice system are genetically and physiologically different from those who are non-offenders. This theory was founded by Ceasere Lombroso who said that an individual was ultimately born to be a criminal, or that a person inherited certain traits that made them more susceptible to engage in violent behaviors. Moreover, Lombroso rejected the Classical School of Criminology, which claimed that people have their own free will towards making certain decisions. Lombroso represented the Positivist School of Criminology, which utilizes scientific analysis and research as a means of describing criminal behavior. Since the introduction of the Positivist School, researchers began to study the influences of genotype on crime and violent behaviors as seen in the articles reviewed in this paper. The biological theory of crime has been controversial over the years due to lack of main effects and significantly based evidence found. One of the key problems is that many of the studies conducted within the biocriminology field cannot be replicated, and this inevitably triggers issues for the validity of the biological theory.
The authors of the articles reviewed both hypothesized that low monoamine oxidase (MAO) activity will be a common factor among individuals with aggressive tendencies, or violent crime backgrounds. Additionally, Tihonnen et. al (2015) wanted to associate further genes by…

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