Essay on The Big Five Theoretical Model Of Personality Traits

1267 Words Apr 4th, 2016 6 Pages
When we consider what defines individuality, for some, personality traits would be one of the first descriptors that come to mind. Personality traits are recognized as influencing an individual’s way of thinking, feeling, and behavior that persist over time through a variety of situations (Allport & Odbert, 1936). Of the thousands of personality traits attributed in the English language, the Big Five theoretical model is used to encompass many of them (Allport & Odbert, 1936). This model uses all the important traits our language has developed into five dimensions. These traits are extraversion, neuroticism, conscientiousness, agreeableness, and openness to experience (Costa & McCrae, 1992; Widiger, 2001). As one research study can attest, where 87% of participants had at least one of the aforementioned traits they wished to improve on, people have the desire to change or improve personality over the course of their life (Hudson & Roberts, 2014). Therefore, the question that arises is, can someone’s personality change over the course of their lifespan? Researchers Costa and McCrae (1994) say that personality forms solely by biological processes that are unchangeable by age 30, resulting in little change once an individual reaches adulthood (Costa & McCrae, 2006; Srivastava, John, Gosling, & Potter, 2003). Contrary to the studies’ claim, this essay seeks to cite and analyze a variety of empirical longitudinal studies that have comprehensively documented personality changes…

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