Taking A Look At Vertical Farming

1351 Words 6 Pages
The human population has grown at a steady incline and the continued destruction of natural areas and habitat to make room, has caused scientist has come up with a way to produce food faster while using less space. Vertical farming is the practice of growing organic food in vertically stacked layers using artificial light and without soil. Vertical farms are buildings with controlled environmental conditions that allow crops to be grown all year round by using hydroponics, aeroponics, and aquaponics to create an artificial environment (Clemson 2011). Hydroponics is the cultivation of plants by placing roots in liquid nutrient solutions rather than in soil, Aeroponics is the growing of plants by suspending their roots in the air, and aquaponics …show more content…
In the past decade strawberries, tomatoes, peppers, cucumbers, and others have increased abundantly in supermarkets. Most of these crops are grown in small factory farms that are able to produce crops year round to meet demand. The difference between greenhouses and vertical farming is that vertical farms would be multistory buildings. Building them this way allows you to utilize small areas thus taking up less space and still able to accommodate the needs of society. In the article about Charleston’s Vertical Farm design they state that "as the world 's population increases, developing farmable land will be a challenge. One option is to farm vertically instead of horizontally. Dense urban centers would have multistory buildings with floor atop floor of fruits and vegetables grown in highly efficient ways” (Clemson …show more content…
In other parts of the world, many places have shifted from agriculture to resorts for tourist and wedding venues. More than one million hectares per year are converted from agriculture and other ‘rural ' land uses to development and most are occupied by middle and upper-class residents (McCarthy, 2008). McCarthy focuses and stresses mainly on how people are moving to rural areas for the amenities rather than for its agricultural use like it was originally.
If vertical farming were to go from producing food for small regional areas to a large scale, it would allow- year round food production without dealing with the climate having an effect on the yield of food that is produced. Furthermore, it would eliminate the use of pesticides and herbicides, allow land to return to its natural state, reduce black water and conserving drinking water which is extremely important for areas like California. The AeroFarms research lab in Newark, New Jersey states that they’re growing food in 16 days that would take 30 days in a field while using 95 percent less water (Brennan 2015). Also, it would create jobs for the agrochemical industry and 2 million pounds of kale, arugula, and other greens year round. They state that AeroFarms grows its greens aeroponically which is the process of growing plants with the

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