The Battle Of The Soviet Union Essay

1616 Words Dec 12th, 2016 7 Pages
After the end of World War II, the U.S. Navy quickly retired their battleships and retained aircraft carriers their primary offensive weapons for two key reasons. First, aircraft carriers had not only proven their worth, but the Navy had built twenty-seven new aircraft carriers to support the war effort.1 Second, the Soviet Union was not an adversary that could be effectively countered with battleships and naval gunfire. The Soviet Union lacked a significant surface fleet until the mid-1970s, and prior to then was a “force primarily oriented to close-in defense of maritime frontiers” instead of the maritime power projection like previous adversaries of the U.S. Navy had been.2 The Navy 's role in a war with the Soviets would therefore be to support the land war in Central Europe by resupplying those forces and directly attacking targets ashore.3 The first of these missions, the resupply effort, would be conducted via convoys escorted by Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) ships to counter attacks from the large Soviet submarine fleet in much the same way the U.S. Navy and British Royal Navy had fought the German Kriegsmarine.4 These escorts could be supported via carrier-based ASW aircraft, but the primary role of the carriers in the Cold War doctrine would be to break through the “maritime frontiers” the Soviet Navy would attempt to defend and attack strategic targets within the Soviet Union with conventional or nuclear weapons.5 Naval theorists rapidly began to recognize that…

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