Essay on The Battle Of Pearl Harbor Attack

1363 Words May 9th, 2016 6 Pages
The Pearl Harbor attack, also known as the Battle of Pearl Harbor, was a surprise military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy against the United States at the naval base Pearl Harbor, in the United States Territory of Hawaii on the morning of December 7, 1941. The attack made America enter World War II.
Japan intended the attack as a defensive action to keep the U.S. Pacific Fleet from snooping with military actions. The Empire of Japan deliberate in Southeast Asia against overseas territories of the United States, The United Kingdom and the Netherlands (Morgenstern). Over the next seven hours there were synchronized Japanese attacks on the U.S. held Philippines, Guam and Wake Island and on the British Empire in Malaya, Hong Kong, and Singapore (Dorsey).
The attack started at 7:48 a.m. Hawaiian Time (Prange). The base was hit by 352 Imperial Japanese fighter planes, airplane bombers, and torpedo planes in two waves launched from six aircraft carriers (Dorsey). Important base connections such as the power station, maintenance, shipyard and fuel and torpedo storage services, as well as the submarine docks and headquarters building were not attacked (Iguchi). Japanese losses were light: 28 aircraft, five midget submarines, and 63 servicemen (Morgenstern). One Japanese sailor, Kazuo Samaki, was captured.
The attack came as a shock to the American people and led straight to the American entry into World War II in both the Pacific and in European theaters. On December 8, the…

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