Wounded Knee Racism

1068 Words 5 Pages
During the 1890’s racism was a big deal in America. African Americans faced major racial problems and the right to be free. Native Americans faced having to move from their ancestral lands. The United States army had no justification to attack Native Americans at Wounded Knee.
During the time of the battle of Wounded Knee there were also other huge events and things happening such as congress taking Oklahoma from Indians and forcing them from their lands in the east. Battle of Little Bighorn which was a huge battle between Native American tribes and the government where we lost 236 soldiers to Sioux and Cheyenne and the Sitting Bull which ties into this battle because it deals with Sioux tribe and this event then led to the huge massacre in
…show more content…
There was a prophet named Wovoka who shared his spiritual vision and message of hope and cultural renewal for Native Americans who had suffered through decades of broken treaties, lost lands, forced relocation, physical deprivations, and death. Wovoka would preach peace but Native Americans took it as a vision to reclaim their lost lands they seen him the messiah that came to earth to prepare the Indians for their salvation . This religious movement was said that the earth would bring new soil and bury all the white men and it was said that all Indians that danced to this would be taken up into the air while the new earth was being laid down and when they were let down it would be with the ghosts of their ancestors. The Sioux tribe would wear clothing that they thought would protect them against white bullets during the spiritual dancing. During the Indian spiritual dance the United States sent in the Seventh Cavalry to disarm the the Lakota and take control. That 's when the Wounded Knee Massacre took place killing over 200 Sioux tribe members. After the huge massacre many lost hope in the so called “Ghost Dance” and didn 't believe in the spiritual dance. This was the last huge showdown between the United States army and the Indians other than the one was in 1973. It was when it was a site of a 71 day occupation by the activist group AIM and its supporters, who were …show more content…
From taking their lands and making them live on reservations that all changed when when one special person named John Collier became the U.S. Commissioner of Indian Affairs. He thought the policies of the past were wrong and should be changed so the Indians could live like Indians and enjoy their religion and customs of life. This was all able to happen from the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934. It allowed Indian tribes to write their own constitutions and self-governing. It allowed Indian tribes to get back 15,000 acres of their land. In the 1970’s the Indians had promoted tribal self-determination. This then brought in the act of Self-Determination and Educational Assistance of 1975 this gave certain responsibilities carried out by federal government and gave the tribes more control over education funds. Our federal courts have also helped Indian tribes in key legal situations such a situation for the Wisconsin Indians where Chicago tried to allow fishing and harvesting on their reservations but the courts didn’t allow it so the reservation was kept free from non

Related Documents