The Basic Components Of Behavior Therapy Essay

1575 Words Sep 7th, 2016 7 Pages
Behavior theory is focused on changing behavior by decreasing maladaptive behaviors and increasing adaptive behaviors (Wedding, Corsini, 2014). Behavior therapy includes many different types of treatments for different disorders. The behavior therapy is used in understanding and changing behavior in clients’. Behavior therapy also focuses on the clients being able to work with their own behavior that they become successful on their own in understanding their problems (Wedding, 2014). The basic components of behavior theory are classical conditioning and operant conditioning. Classical and operant conditioning were developed by Ivan Pavlov. Classical conditioning is where one stimulus referred to as a conditioned stimulus signals the second stimulus an unconditioned stimulus (Wedding, 2014). An unconditioned stimulus usually cause an unconditioned response (Wedding, 2014). Extinction is also an important component associated with classical conditioning. Extinction is where you present the conditioned stimulus without the unconditioned stimulus, this will at some point stop the unconditioned response from occurring (Wedding, 2014). The second component is operant conditioning. Operant conditioning is a form of learning where a person’s behavior is influenced by the consequences from that behavior (Wedding, 2014). Reinforcements are used to increase a behavior, while punishment is used to decrease a behavior (Wedding, 2014). There are two types of reinforcements negative and…

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