The Background And Significance Of Social Anxiety Disorder

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Background and Significance

What is Social Anxiety Disorder?
Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD), also known as social phobia, is one of the most common health disorder after depression and substance abuse and affects about 10 million Americans. This phobia is an anxiety disorder and individuals with this disorder experience intense distress in public settings. These individuals experience high levels of panic in seemingly “normal” social situations1. These social situations include public speaking, using public restrooms, or even having a conversation with another individual. Individuals with social anxiety fear being “embarrassed or humiliated in social situations and may become anxious, increased heart rate, and other signs of autonomic arousal”1.
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This is only considered a disorder when individuals are hindered by their anxiety and are not able to socially or occupationally function.
Difference between Normal and Social Anxiety
Every individual experiences anxiety, it is a normal reaction to stress. Anxiety is useful in that it can help individuals prepare for important events, help get us out of harm’s way, and informs us when we need to take action. When anxiety get to overwhelming, unhealthy levels, and individuals are not able to even socialize with others, this is when it is classified as social anxiety. Another type of anxiety, is generalized anxiety. This is when individuals are nervous about whether or not they can live up to their potential and excessively worry about every detail. Social anxiety is specific in that they only have anxiety when they have to be social. Onset of disease occurs around 13 years of age,
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It is a combination of psychotherapy and behavioral therapy, as it emphasizes the importance of thinking patterns and personal meaning, and it pays close attention to how an individual solves problems and places and emphasis on the importance of their behaviors and thoughts. The main goal is to change their way of thinking, or behavioral issues which in turn changes the way they feel. CBT therapy can be used to treat a range of issues, such as, sleeping difficulties, relationships, substance abuse, anxiety, and depression. CBT works to change a person’s attitude and behavior by taking their thoughts, beliefs, attitudes etc. and seeing how these relate to how an individual behaves and deals with their daily problems. One advantage cognitive behavioral therapy is that it is a short 5-10 months, intense program and can alleviate most of the emotional programs. Another advantage is that the therapist who works with these individuals can tailor the program to fit their specific needs and their

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