Essay about The Aztec And Inca Empires

1094 Words Nov 15th, 2015 null Page
Pre-Columbian America is perhaps the most exotic period of American history for a number of reasons. The diversity of the region is unparalleled, furthered by the rapid succession of empires with great focus on culture. Great mysteries also come from this period. The sudden decline of powerful empires like the Maya and Moche puzzle scholars to this day. Human sacrifice also played a major role in religion throughout parts of this region. Through all of the intrigue, two great civilizations rose to prominence prior to Spanish conquest of the continent. The Aztec and Inca Empires were two powerful, yet vastly different sovereigns with a myriad of similarities to early empires in Europe and Asia. The Inca Empire exerted authority over its subject through a means of public labor. This program, called mita by the Inca, was central to the building of an extensive road system which allowed them to rule so comprehensively, much like the Roman Empire had centuries prior. With over 14,000 miles of road across the 2,600 mile expanse of the empire, the Inca ruled the largest dominion in American history prior to European conquest. The roads were a profound tool to the Inca because it allowed them to keep people under control. The government regularly chose to move large groups of people to unfamiliar provinces in order to utilize the empire’s resources advantageously, ensuring economic prosperity. In contrast, the Aztec Empire was consumed by the notion of giving tribute. All parts of…

Related Documents