The Automotive Cluster in Baden-Württemberg, Germany Essay

9153 Words Jul 12th, 2009 37 Pages
European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions

The automotive cluster in Baden-Württemberg, Germany

Introduction Profile of Baden-Württemberg Automotive industry in Germany Baden-Württemberg's automotive cluster Factor conditions Demand conditions Summary and future scenarios Bibliography

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Introduction
This report looks at the automotive industry cluster in the German federal state of Baden-Württemberg. It begins with a short profile of Baden-Württemberg and the German automotive
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Source: Share-world-LEREPS, in Dupuy and Lung, 2001, quoted in Jürgens (2002, p. 6).

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© European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, 2004

c) BMW is owned by the Quandt family (September 2000): 45.34% free flow; 15.53% Hanna Quandt; 15.25% Stefan Quandt; 11.62% Susanne Klatten; 10.16% GFA Gesellschaft für Automobilwerte mbH; 2.10% employees. d) Porsche (September 2000): 55% held by the Porsche and Piëch families; 45% free float. e) Ford (98%) and Opel (100%) are both fully owned subsidiaries of the parent corporations Ford Premier Auto Group (PAG) and General Motors (GM). Only a few suppliers are listed. A number of companies with a strong global market position have the legal form of a foundation, with Bosch being the most prominent example.

Baden-Württemberg’s automotive cluster
The automotive industry is not only a key industrial sector in Baden-Württemberg but also in Germany as a whole. It is 4 estimated that every seventh job in Germany depends directly or indirectly on the automotive sector . The centre of the industry, however, is located in Baden-Württemberg, which generates more than a quarter of Germany’s annual sales in this sector, with a high export rate of over 50%. The industry’s competitive advantage derives from a closely-knit, dense network of manufacturers and supplier industries located in

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