Essay on The Atonement Of The Church Today

1895 Words Oct 23rd, 2016 8 Pages
At-one-ment With God
Torrance defines atonement as, “the divine work of covering and putting away sin, thus creating ‘at-one-ment’ between God and man” (Torrance & Walker, 2009, p. 453). William Tyndale, a Bible scholar and translator in the sixteenth century, created the word atonement. At that time, no word existed in the early English language that adequately defined the Hebrew understanding of “the process of pardoning before God” (Brazier, 2015, p. 285). It is from this understanding that brought about a variety of theories of atonement in the early church. Brazier continues to explain that these theories are more than just merely explanations of reconciliation, but rather attempts to explain propitiation, punishment, debt and other factors involved. Christus victor, satisfaction, penal substitution, and exemplar are four major atonement theories that continue to cause debate in churches today. An individual’s understanding of these various theories will affect how they view atonement in the church today (Brazier, 2015).
Contemporary theologian Gustaf Aulen’s influential work on Christ’s sacrifice has categorized the various atonement theories historically and grouped them into three major models. These three models are penned the Classic Model, the Latin Model, and the Subjective Model. Included in the Classic Model is the Christus Victor theory of atonement. Formulated following Patristic traditions, it is dated in the late 20th and early 21st centuries.…

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