Essay on The Atomic Bomb On Hiroshima

1004 Words Jun 9th, 2015 5 Pages
On August 6, 1945, the US dropped an atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima and another on Nagasaki three days later. It is estimated that both atomic bombs killed somewhere between 150,000-250,000 people within 1 month of each detonation. However, before both bombings the US urged the Japanese to surrender in order to avoid such destruction, but it took two bombings before the Japanese surrendered. The purpose of the atomic bomb was to force Japan’s surrender in order to save lives, avoid requesting the aid of the Soviet Union to win the war, and to shorten what could be an unnecessarily longer war. Therefore, the statement that Harry S. Truman’s decision to drop an atomic weapon on Hiroshima, Japan was a diplomatic action calculated to intimidate the Soviet Union in the post-Second World War era rather than a strictly military measure designed to force Japan’s surrender is not true. Although the US and the Allied forces had definitely weakened the Japanese in previous battles, such as the Battle of Leyte Gulf which resulted in the destruction of the Japanese Imperial Navy, the Japanese forces were still determined to continue with resistance until the end of the war. The intelligence section of the War Department General Staff was able to estimate that the total strength of the Japanese army was still somewhere around 5,000,000 men. The US military and naval force planned to match the number of men in an intensified sea and air blockade with air bombing, but…

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