Atomic Bomb Research Paper

Better Essays
On August 6th, 1945 the United States, with approval of president Truman, dropped an atomic bomb on the city of Hiroshima. On August 9th, 1945, a second atomic bomb dropped on another Japanese city, Nagasaki. Altogether, these bombs ended world war II, but killed nearly 200,000 japanese citizens along with years of radiation sickness and burns affecting the survivors. Today, the choice Truman made to drop the atomic bomb is still being debated whether it was necessary or not.
War before the bomb The United States entered World War II on December 7, 1941 when the japanese surprise attacked Pearl Harbor. The attack on Pearl Harbor killed 2,403 americans and wounded 1,178. The day before the bombing of Pearl Harbor, President Roosevelt authorized
…show more content…
9, after Nagasaki was a-bombed, Truman made another public statement on why the atomic bombs were used:
"Having found the bomb we have used it. We have used it against those who attacked us without warning at Pearl Harbor, against those who have starved and beaten and executed American prisoners of war, against those who have abandoned all pretense of obeying international laws of warfare. We have used it in order to shorten the agony of war, in order to save the lives of thousands and thousands of young Americans."
("Public Papers of the Presidents: Harry S Truman, 1945", pg. 212).
On August 14th, 1945, Japan Surrenders, ending world war II. The American response to bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki were from one spectrum to the other. Many americans including Dwight E. Eisenhower, said the Japanese were close to being defeated and the bombings were unnecessary. Some claim it was a warning to the Soviet Union to tread lightly, as they entered the war with Japan which resulted in the end of world war II but the beginning of the Cold War. The American Government was accused of being racist in how they would never drop a bomb of mass destruction on white citizens. Truman did however have many supporters and historians on his side claiming this did swiftly end the war and saved thousands of both American and Japanese
…show more content…
Some victims were vaporized instantly, many survivors were horribly disfigured, and death from radiation was uncertain—it might not claim its victims for days, weeks, months, or even years. The initial death count in Hiroshima, set at 42,000–93,000, was based solely on the disposal of bodies, and was thus much too low. Later surveys covered body counts, missing persons, and neighborhood surveys during the first months after the bombing, yielding a more reliable estimate of 130,000 dead as of November 1945. A similar survey by officials in Nagasaki set its death toll at 60,000–70,000. (Its plutonium bomb was more powerful, but its destructive range was limited by surrounding hills and mountains)(- Destructive Effects). Even the scientific community failed to foresee the awful effects of radiation sickness. Meantime, the national government in November 1945 adopted a “war disaster reconstruction plan” for rebuilding 119 war-devastated cities, including Hiroshima and Nagasaki. This enabled Hiroshima to plan for the restoration of its central area, covering 1.3 million square meters and accommodating an estimated 350,000 people. Nagasaki likewise projected a new city concept that would abandon its old war industries, focusing rather on revival of foreign trade, shipbuilding, and fishing industries. Both Hiroshima and Nagasaki have memorialized the events of August, 1945 with museums, sculpture, peace ceremonies, and parks.

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    Decades after the atomic bombs were dropped on the Japanese cities Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Americans still question whether it was a good idea to drop them. One of the reasons the bombs should have been dropped is the bombing of Pearl Harbor. The United States and Japan were at peace until Japan bombed a military base in Hawaii and afterward, president Franklin D. Roosevelt declared war on Japan. In his well-known infamy speech, FDR stated, “I ask that the Congress declare that since the unprovoked and dastardly attack by Japan on Sunday, December 7th, 1941, a state of war has existed between the United States and the Japanese empire.” America and its people saw the bombing as an act of war and in return, they declared war. In the same speech,…

    • 798 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Scientist estimated another 500,000 will die if US invaded Japan. This was when the decision was made to drop an Atomic Bomb on Hiroshima and later on Nagasaki. President Truman was not willing for 500,000 of his troops to die fighting Japan, so The Atomic Bomb must be used. On the 6th of August 1945 the Enola Gay team dropped the bomb Little Boy on Hiroshima. He spoke on national television within minutes of dropping the bomb.…

    • 725 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Atomic Bomb Decision Essay

    • 1095 Words
    • 5 Pages

    The Atomic Bombs of World War One man’s decision can alter the entire world’s lives. On August 6th, 1945, President Harry Truman ordered atomic bombs be dropped on Japan’s soil. The first city of Japan who was bombed was Hiroshima at a quarter after eight. The first attack killed over eighty thousand innocent people instantly. Some of the victims was killed by the radiation.…

    • 1095 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    President Harry S. Truman explain why be decided to use the atomic bomb on Japan” Having found the bomb we have used it. We have used it against those attacked us without warning at Pearl Harbor. We have used it in order to shorten the agony of war, in order to save the lives of thousands and thousands of young Americans. We completed shall continue to use until we completed destroyed Japan’s power to make war” (Crewe & Michael, 25). However, the dropping of the Atomic bomb on Japanese marked the end of the WWII saves many lives.…

    • 693 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The American military had a secret mission of where they were going to go bomb Japan in the heart. There were two bombs one known as “Little boy” and the other as “Fat man” (Bombing). After the US arrived to Japan the first bomb which equaled nine-thousand pounds was loaded onto a B-29 and dropped to Hiroshima (Bombing) . On August ninth, Major Charles Sweeney flew another B-29 to Japan where they were going to bomb Kokura but there were thick clouds so they changed their target to Nagasaki, where the bomb known as “Fat man” was dropped at 11:02. This bomb was more powerful than the one used at Hiroshima (bombing).…

    • 1011 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The United States dropped two atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki within a few days of each other. Japan did not surrender after the first bomb, but a day after the second bomb dropped Japan surrendered. A lot of conflict and controversy circles around if the U.S. should or should not have dropped the atomic bomb. Dropping the atomic bomb helped Americans in many ways and put an end to the Second World War. By dropping the bombs, the U.S. knew it would end the war quickly and bring American families back together.…

    • 716 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Document G shows a picture of the Hiroshima bomb and it states that the mushroom cloud made from the bomb in ten minutes was above 60,000 feet high. A good point to look at is that the fire-bombing in Tokyo killed more people than the Hiroshima bomb. Why was there not an outcry after the Tokyo bombing? People in Japan didn’t cry out after the Tokyo bombing because they were probably already finding a better way to get revenge than the atomic bomb we had. They must’ve been planning something and had a brilliant plan to take out America.…

    • 1655 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    On August 6, the atomic bomb destroyed the Japanese city of Hiroshima. Only eight days later, Japan surrendered and the war was over. Although Truman’s decision killed many Japanese civilians, continuing the war would have resulted in more American deaths and economic distress; therefore, Truman’s decision to drop the atomic bomb is justifiable. American troops spent months island hopping through the Pacific. The battles fought on Japanese beaches were…

    • 1845 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Tens of thousands were killed in the bombing, naming it inhumane. The bomb’s purpose was not to harm innocent people, its purpose was to first get the Japanese government to surrender, if didn’t surrender then attack cities that help create war material. Innocent lives could have been saved if they evacuated the cities as warned. The dropping of the two atomic bombs saved millions of lives of Americans and the lives of Japaneses. The Japanese government plan was to invade America in a land invasion, causing up to 5 to 10 million casualties of Japanese fighters.…

    • 742 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    On August 9, 1945, President Truman stated in a public announcement, “Having found the bomb we have used it. We have used it against those who attacked us without warning at Pearl Harbor, against those who have starved and beaten and executed American prisoners of war, against those who have abandoned all pretense of obeying international laws of warfare. We have used it in order to shorten the agony of war, in order to save lives of thousands and thousands of young Americans.” (Truman, 212) Though this was decades ago, the people of the United States still find themselves today debating whether or not the use of the atomic bomb was necessary to end World War Two. Imagine how World War Two would have played out without the use of this discovery.…

    • 1182 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays