Essay on The Articles Of Confederation And The Constitution

951 Words Dec 9th, 2016 4 Pages
The Articles of Confederation were written by a committee that Congress appointed in 1776 to draft a constitution for the new nation that was being formed following independence from Britain. The committee wrote what is known as the Articles of Confederation but really called the “Articles of Confusion” because they were written poorly. Although they were adopted by Congress on November 5, 1777. The Articles went into effect on March 1, 1781, and lasted until March 4, 1789 when they were replaced by the US Constitution, which was a vast improvement from the articles of Confederation. The purpose of the Articles of Confederation was to create a confederation of states whereby each state retained "its sovereignty, freedom, and independence, and every power, jurisdiction, and right . . . not . . . expressly delegated to the United States in Congress assembled." Every state was as independent as possible with the central government of the United States only responsible for the common defense, the security of liberties, and the general welfare. The Articles of Confederation linked each of the thirteen states together with a clumsy Congress as the head of these states. One of the major issues that the states had was that there was not equal representation in Congress. For example, the state of Rhode Island, which had sixty-eight thousand people and Virginia which had ten times more people both had the same one vote in Congress. This meant that states with small populations had…

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