The Apology Of Socrates, And Crito Essay

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The trial of Socrates relates how a seemingly just and virtuous man is sentenced to death. This seemingly injustice, as described in Plato’s The Apology of Socrates, and Crito, exposes the tension that the ideals of the city have in conflict with the ideals of philosophic thinking. However, the texts serve to point out a theory of social contract. The city has an uneasy, but symbiotic relationship with philosophy that connects the wellbeing of the city with the virtue of its citizens. Thanks to the words and deeds of Socrates, the city feels suspicious and uneasy to their relationship with philosophy. The accusations that the city presses revolve around rumors that the accusers have spread over the years (Apology, 18c). These accusations can be classified into three sets; Socrates does not believe in the same gods as the city (Apology, 25d), he is an “evil doer” that “makes the worse appear the better cause” (Apology, 19b), and a “corrupter of the youth” (Apology, 24b). As the jury examines these arguments, Socrates, while masking his defense in a cloak of innocence, seems to validate the accusations. His pride shows through as he describes how he considers himself “to be superior” to the artisans and the politicians because of his level of wisdom (Apology, 22c). Socrates considers himself wiser and “better off” than those skilled in their trade because he has the common sense to admit that he does not have their “knowledge nor their ignorance” (Apology, 22e). When…

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